About us

Intolerance and Discrimination Against Christians is the phrase we use to describe the denial of equal rights of Christians and the social marginalisation of Christians.

Our Publications

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Report 2015

More than 180 Cases Reported in 2015 and a Focus on Christian Refugees in Europe

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Report 2014

This report portrays the 150 most striking cases of intolerance against Christians in Europe in the year 2014, and presents the problem of militant equality laws.

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Report 2013

241 individually documented cases of intolerance against Christians in Europe, as well as what individuals and institutions say about it.

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The Global Human Rights Landscape

A Short Guide to Understanding the International Organizations and the Opportunities for Engagement.

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Our team

Ellen Fantini

Ellen Fantini, J.D.

is the Executive Director of the Observatory. In support of the Observatory’s mission to support the fundamental rights to freedom of religion, conscience, expression, and association, Ellen gives presentations and speaks about the situation facing Christians in Europe. She has spoken to international organizations, and at human rights meetings and other conferences across Europe and in the United States.

From 2003 to 2011, Ellen worked as a criminal prosecutor in the United States, specializing in crimes of violence against women and children. Before joining the Observatory in 2015, she worked on editorial, translation, and strategic communications projects for various European nonprofit organizations. She lives with her husband in Vienna, Austria.

Martin G. Kugler
Martin G. Kugler, PhD

is the President of the Board of Directors of the Observatory, which he co-founded with his wife Gudrun in 2006. Martin studied history, communications, and political science in Vienna, Graz, and Rome. He is also the founder and director of Kairos Consulting for Non-Profit Organizations in Vienna. Before founding Kairos Consulting in 2005, he worked as public relations manager and spokesman for the Austrian Bishops’ Conference and other Roman Catholic institutions in Central Europe.

Martin has served as the General Secretary of the interdenominational network “Europe for Christ” since 2005. He regularly gives speeches and publishes articles about the importance of protecting religious freedom. He lives in Vienna with his wife and their four children.

Barbara Vittucci
Barbara Vittucci

serves as Vice President of the Board of Directors. She received her diploma from the Eastman School of Music of the University of Rochester and is a freelance musician in Vienna.


Because she has seen that unjust laws, policies, and societal discrimination harm individual lives, she feels called to work for the common good in these areas, both for those who suffer today, as well as for the next generation.

Anja Hoffmann
Anja Hoffmann, M.A.

is the Secretary of the Board of Directors. Born in Vienna, Anja holds a Bachelor’s degree in Transcultural Communication and a Master’s Degree in Human Rights with a focus on Freedom of Religion or Belief.

In 2016 she worked in the research unit of the international NGO and charity organization Open Doors. From 2014 to 2015 she participated in a school of theology and spiritual formation with the Chemin Neuf Community in France. Since November 2017 she has worked as a parliamentary assistant in the Austrian Parliament. She has been involved in youth and volunteer work in different areas such as integration, charity projects, and theological youth formation.

Team
Dr. Gudrun Kugler, Mts

co-founded the Observatory in 2006. Gudrun majored in Law as well as Theological Studies on Marriage and the Family. She holds a PhD in International Criminal Law. Gudrun is also the founder of the Catholic online dating service kathTreff.org (ADD HYPERLINK https://www.kathtreff.org/), which is active in 11 European countries.

Since September 2008, Gudrun has been a visiting professor at the International Theological Institute for Studies on Marriage and the Family. From 2001 to 2004 she worked as a director of World Youth Alliance - Europe in Brussels. She was elected to Vienna's Provincial Parliament in October 2015, where she concentrated on human rights, European affairs, and integration of refugees. Since November 2017 she has been member of Austria’s National Parliament and a member of the human rights committee, the committee on the family, and the committee on equal treatment. Gudrun has published several books and lives in Vienna with her husband Martin and their four children.